Rotavírus e a emergência de novos genótipos: Uma revisão narrativa

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Jaqueline Lopes Damasceno

Resumo

A infecção por rotavírus, diretamente relacionada à qualidade de vida da população, pode culminar na morte, principalmente de crianças. Esta revisão discute a prevalência e distribuição de genótipos de rotavírus, com foco na variação genotípica do vírus após a implementação de vacinas e a infecção cruzada entre espécies animais e humanas. Foi pesquisada a literatura publicada de janeiro de 2006 a julho de 2017, utilizando o banco de dados Web of Knowledge e os termos de pesquisa “rotavirus”, “genotype”, “prevalence post vaccine”, e “emerging genotypes”. Observou-se que os genótipos predominantes mudaram em todos os continentes e que alguns genótipos ainda estão emergindo. Duas hipóteses para essa mudança global são a variabilidade genética do vírus e o surgimento de genótipos resistentes a vacinas. Além disso, o vírus pode facilmente infectar várias espécies de animais que não o ser humano, como evidenciado por relatos de infecção cruzada de cepas, que serviram de alerta para a geração de novos genótipos de vírus. As ações intersetoriais que abrangem não apenas o setor da saúde, mas também todo o setor socioeconômico, incluindo o governo, pesquisadores, professores, agentes de saúde e comunidades, contribuem para diminuir os gastos relacionados à saúde e reduzir a mortalidade causada pelo rotavírus, melhorando assim indicadores de saúde e promoção da saúde em todo o mundo.

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Damasceno, J. L. (2020). Rotavírus e a emergência de novos genótipos: Uma revisão narrativa. Revista Brasileira Multidisciplinar, 23(3). https://doi.org/10.25061/2527-2675/ReBraM/2020.v23i3.840
Seção
Artigos de Revisão
Biografia do Autor

Jaqueline Lopes Damasceno, Universidade de Franca

Mutagenese, Microbiologia, Promoção da Saúde

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